Question Of The Day On Process Serving What Is Service ?

My Question Of The Day On Small Claims Court comes from Michael P.. SK can you please help me out? Can you explain what the process of serving is and means and the ways. I know your an expert on Small Claims Court and we were trying to do it our-self to save money with other paperwork. I just had my baby and its turn into a huge mess, I should of hired you but didn’t see your page till I Google small claims questions and your beautiful face pop up. Can you explain to me what is a sub serve substitute service and a personal? Thanks in advance. You would be a huge help if you can use this question as your next its urgent we get your help. Michael

Hello Michael, You are so sweet, thank you dear, I would love to answer this for you. Sure I can use this as my next #SKQOTD I will explain service to you , I need to know what the other papers are as each type of legal papers have rules like a subpoena or ORAP must be personally served and cant be Sub Serve like a small claims case can. I will post below and you can add or message if you have any more questions. Congrats on your new baby. Take lots of pics they grown up so fast!

Below I Will explain the process of service :

The law says that when you sue a person, partnership, corporation, or the government, you must give formal notice to the other side that you have started the legal process. In the same way, when you are already involved in a case and file papers with the court, you are required to give the other side notice of the paperwork you have filed. The legal way to give formal notice is to have the other side “served” with a copy of the paperwork that you have filed with the court. This is called “service of process.”

“Service of process” means that the other side must get copies of any paper you file with the court. In “service of process” a third person (NOT you) is the one who actually delivers the paperwork to the other side. The person who does this is called the “server” or “process server.” Until the other side has been properly “served,” the judge cannot make any permanent orders or judgments.

“personal service”:

The server gives the papers to the party being served. It can be at the party’s home, work, or anywhere on the street.
The server has to identify the party being served and hand the legal papers to him or her and inform him or her that they are court papers.
If the party being served does not want to take the papers, they can be left on the ground in front of him or her. If he or she takes the papers and tears them up or throws them away, service is still considered to be valid. The person being served does not have to sign anything.
The server then fills out a proof of service, detailing when, where, and how (in person) the papers were served. The server signs the proof of service and returns it to you to file in court.
Personal service is complete the day the papers are served.
“Personal service” is the most reliable type of service because the court knows for sure that the person being served got the papers and, if necessary, can question the process server about the “service.”

Since it is the most reliable, “personal service” is valid in all types of case. Also because it is so reliable, it is generally required when serving the first papers (the petition or complaint) in a case.

Service by Mail
In “service by mail,” someone – NOT a party to the case – must mail the documents to the other party. Only certain forms can be served by mail, an SC-100 can not be served by mail. Depending on what your serving may or may not be allowed, check your court websites for what allowed by mail and was is not. This is why its important to hire someone who understands this process like my office.

For “service by mail”:

If service by mail is allowed, The server mails the papers to the party being served. If the party being served is a person, the papers can be mailed to his or her home or mailing address. If it is a business, the papers must be mailed to the owner(s) at the business’s main office. If the business has an agent for service, the papers should be mailed to the agent for service. Learn more about serving a business.
The server then fills out a Proof of Service, detailing to whom the papers were mailed, to what address, when, how (by first-class mail), and where they were mailed from. The server signs the Proof of Service and returns it to you to file in court. If you sub serve a defendant you must follow up with a mailing the same day.
Service by mail is complete 5 days after the papers are mailed.
Mail service is easy but not very reliable because the court cannot know for sure that someone received the paperwork. Every state is different and in California only the clerk of the court can do a mailing of a SC-100 bear in mind please.

Substituted Service
Substituted service is used after several attempts to personally serve the papers have failed.

For substituted service:

The server tries to personally serve the papers on the other party a number of times (usually 3 or more) but cannot find the party at home (or work, if that is the address the server has). The server must try different days of the week and different times of the day, at times when the other person is likely to be home (or at work if serving him or her there).
If the server is unable to find the person to be served on each one of those times, he or she can, on the last attempt, leave the papers with someone at the other party’s house, at least 18 years old, who lives there. If the server is trying to serve the papers at the other party’s work, then the papers can be left with someone at the office that appears to be in charge and is at least 18 years old.
The server must tell the person that he or she hands the papers to that they are legal documents for the other party. The server must also write down the name and address of the person he or she gave the court papers to. If the person will not give his or her name, the server must write down a detailed physical description.
Next, the server must mail a copy of the papers to the other party at the address where the papers were left.
The server must then:
Write up a “Declaration of Due Diligence,” which is document for the court detailing every attempt attempt he or she made to serve the papers in person. It should include the dates he or she went to the house or work, times of day, and what the result was (for example, “No one answered the door” or “Party not in the office”). The server has to sign this document under penalty of perjury. There is no form for this, but the server can use a Declaration (Form). Your court’s self-help center may have a local form to help you with this step too.
Fill out a Proof of Service, detailing when, where, and how the papers were served. The server has to make sure to write the name of the person he or she left the papers with (or a detailed physical description). The server signs the Proof of Service and returns it to you, with the Declaration of Due Diligence, to file in court.
Substituted service is complete 10 days after the day the papers are mailed.

I hope this answer you questions please post or inbox me if you have any of others. I tried to be as detailed as possible but I know the small claims rules so this may be confusing for some and helpful for others. If you need help for service, contact my office. You will only get your process serving fees back if the process server is license and bonded, all my servers are.

Do you have a Question Of The Day On Small Claims? Post below and I will be happy to use it as my next question of the day for you.
at #SKQOTD #SKQuestionsOnSmallClaimsCourt

I will be happy to answer. You need help with small claims court paperwork call my office and we will do our best to help you.

Kindest Regards,
SK Strong
EZ Small Claims
(909) 986-0883 

87 thoughts on “Question Of The Day On Process Serving What Is Service ?

    • SK says:

      More details about service of process? You are welcome to call my office and ask about serving. My office all my process servers are licence and bonded and an officer of the court. We do not ever mail a serve it the worst way of service and the court frowns on it. If we do a sun serve is the only time we follow up with a mailing.

      My office number is (909) 986-0883

      SK Strong

    • SK says:

      Of Course that is why I am here. I have weekly questions of the day so people like you can find the help you need. So happy it was helpful

      SK Strong
      Top Small Claims Specialist
      EZ Small Claims

    • SK says:

      Of Course that is why I am here to help, if you need help with service of process please call my office . I have weekly questions of the day so people like you can find the help you need. So happy it was helpful

      SK Strong
      Top Small Claims Specialist
      EZ Small Claims
      (909) 986-0883

    • SK says:

      Thank you , that is why I am here to help, if you need help with service of process please call my office, my process servers are licensed and bonded meaning you get your fees back if you win your case that is added on top of judgment . I have weekly questions of the day so people like you can find the help you need. So happy it was helpful

      SK Strong
      Top Small Claims Specialist
      EZ Small Claims
      (909) 986-0883

    • SK says:

      What would you like to know? You can ask your own question of the day, on small claims court to me as well.

      Take Care
      SK Strong
      EZ Small Claims
      Top Small Claims Specialist
      (909) 986-0883

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    Thank you, I have recently been searching for info approximately this subject for a while and yours is the greatest I’ve came upon till now. However, what concerning the conclusion? Are you positive concerning the source?

    • SK says:

      What do you mean the conclusion? Once someone is legally served they are served. The important thing is, make sure to file your proof of service with the court. The process server is suppose to do this for you. We handle this anytime we do service of process. It the process servers responsibility to do this, or the company you hire. Always hire a licensed and bonded process server that way if you win your case the fees are awarded back to you.
      SK Strong
      EZ Small Claims
      Top Small Claims Specialist
      (909) 986-0883

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      What is your blog going to be about? Whatever your business is make sure to help them with useful information that way your helpful and people remember you. Good luck with your blog
      Kindest Regards,
      SK Strong
      EZ Small Claims
      Top Small Claims Specialist

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    • SK says:

      Awe well thank you, I am the top small claims specialist in California and hope to be #1 blogger in small claims

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      SK Strong
      Top small claims Specialist
      EZ Small Claims

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      Thank you so much for watching me on Fox news, I am happy I got the frauds shut down and did put a stop to consumers ripped off . I will let my webmaster know of the problem
      SK Strong
      Top small claims Specialist
      EZ Small Claims

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  30. Adolph Mador says:

    Thank you for the blog.I SEE WHY YOUR THE BEST IN SMALL CLAIMS

    ! By the way, how can we be in contact you? Your office number, social links

    • SK says:

      off ice number is (909) 986-0883
      Facebook is I just made a page under SKAY Strong if you search me your find the page I don’t have followers yet
      thank you for finding our blog. remember we type your small claims, file it with the court, serve who you are suing and type and file the proof of service you will not get that anywhere else . I can prepare you for court too.
      SK Strong
      Top Small claims Specialist In California

  31. JOHN JACKSON says:



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  33. NedRManhardt says:

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  34. Michael Anderson says:

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  35. Hank Fords says:

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  36. Small Claims Team says:

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  37. Amy Wision says:

    Thank you, I’ve recently been searching for info on small claims court
    SK yours is the best I’ve came upon . However, can you explain your services Do you do everything ?

    • SK says:

      Yes we will type your small claims for you, file it at the court for you, once its filed we will serves the defendant your small claims and then type and file the proof of service. We are also here for customer service during the court of your claim and give you the tools to prepare you for court. We however do not go to court for you.
      Call us at the office at 909-986-0883 and we can explain in more detail.

      SK Strong,
      EZ Small Claims
      Top Small Claims Specialist In California

  38. Erin Woods says:

    Hello SK , can you sue someone for the same thing twice and what is the small claims limit in California? Do you have a sister? I know your a family owned business and was wondering what family is part of the team.

    • SK says:

      Only if its a different invoice period, but not if your suing someone for damages and want to sue the same thing again. The limit is 10 grand person and business is 5 grand.


  39. Chris R Lizana says:

    Hi, I truly do believe this really is a great website. I stumbledupon it 😉 I like you SK i have bookmarked it.

    Money and freedom is the greatest strategy to change, and to not get sued. HAHA

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